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Why is it necessary to strengthen the bonus?

Apart from calcium, phosphorus, proteins, our bones are made up of a variety of minerals. Due to irregular lifestyles, these mineral starts to finish, due to which the density of the bones starts decreasing and gradually they become weaker and weak. Many times this weakness is so much that fracture occurs even on minor injuries. According to age, the needs of bones and their care are being done by Dr. Sanjay Gupta of Orthopedic Orthopedic Pharmacist

The problem associated with bones in India is very common. As the age increases, the pain of bone, joint, and waist becomes an integral part of life. Today, about four out of every ten women and one in four men have a problem related to the bone. But keep in mind, the bones are not weak at night. This process runs year after year. Doctors believe that at the age of 15-25 years the mass of bones ie the mass is fully developed. In such a situation, food, nutrition, lifestyle and exercise ahead of childhood and puberty are the factors that determine the health of bones.

Take care from childhood
Deteriorating lifestyle, junk food, rising weight, decreasing outdoor activity are also being seen in children. Bone weakness is called rickets in children, whereas in adults, it is called Osteomalacia and osteoporosis. Rickets in children is due to vitamin D, deficiency of calcium, and not to get full sun rays. Apart from this, inadequate absorption of food by intestines, deficiency of phosphorus and diseases of kidney and liver may also cause rickets. This disease is more frequent in the six months to two years of age. This reduces the length of children too. What to do.

- If any of the parents have osteoporosis, then they should focus on starting a good diet and a healthy routine for their children.

- Provide calcium and protein-rich foods in children with appropriate amounts. In the growing age, children should be at least 1300 mg. Calcium must be given.
9 Encourage children to play outside the house.

Problems related to growing bone in youth
Due to modern lifestyle and continuous dependence on the computer, problems related to bone are increasing rapidly in the youth. By not exercising, the body is unable to absorb calcium and the bones and muscles become weak, causing a fracture, bone growth in the thighs, damage to the joints and surrounding problems of slip disks.

What to do
- Do the exercises at home or in the gym, with the advice of good knowledge. Exercising is not enough, it is more important to do the right way. Exercise by keeping physical abilities in mind. It is also important to take proper care with diet and exercise.
- An adult body should have at least 1000 mg Calcium is required. 600 ml per day for this Eat milk or milk products. Take a balanced diet.
- Drink as much as smoking, alcohol, prepared drink, tea, and coffee. They reduce the calcium absorption of the body.

While driving
- While sitting on the seat, knee hips should be equal to or slightly higher. Place the seat near the steering, so that the flexibility of the waist can be supported.
- Place a small towel or lumbar roll for support in the lower part of the waist. There is so much leg-boot space, which can comfortably knee and reach the foot pedal comfortably.

Working on computer-laptop
- Do not bow down to look at the screen or raise the neck forcibly. Keep on the nudge and armchair. This should keep shoulders relaxed.
- The chair is going to support the lower back. Place a small stool or a pedestal for support under the feet. Do not sit for more than 30 minutes in any currency. Must wake up from the seat after two hours.
Sit down behind the chair. Keep body weight on both hips. Exercise daily neck.

Pregnancy and breastfeeding
Due to changes in the body of pregnant women, their bones are also affected. During pregnancy and breastfeeding women have less density of 3 to 5% of bones, hence it is advisable to take plenty of calcium at this time. During pregnancy, any woman gets 25% and 40% more calcium during breastfeeding, so that the bone is properly developed. Vitamin D is essential for taking calcium. Vitamin D should sit in the sunlight for 15-20 minutes without covering 20-25% of the body part.

Menopause risk
After menopause in women, there is a decrease in the level of essential hormone estrogen to maintain bone density. With changes in the physical and mental levels during menopause, bones gradually become weak. Also, the rate of construction of new bones is also reduced, thereby increasing the risk of osteoporosis. This is the reason that since the age of 35, women are advised to consume regular calcium and vitamin 'D'. According to the Food and Nutrition Board, women are given 1200 mg daily after menopause. Calcium should be taken.

The deficiency of calcium and vitamin D is the leading cause of osteoporosis. In the beginning, there are no special symptoms except pain, but when fractures occur frequently, it is known that the problem of osteoporosis has been done. After menopause, women's bone density decreases by 2 to 4% every year in 5 to 10 years. By the age of 55-60 years, bone density decreases by 25-30%. For this reason, some women also take hormone replacement therapy, but its effect is visible only to menopause for five to six years.

Which tests are necessary
According to the doctors, after every 30 years of age, every five years should be tested once in Vitamin D, calcium phosphatase, and alkaline phosphatase.
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